National Geographic : 1915 Jan
Photo and copyright by B. W. Kilburn THE HORSE MARKET : WARSAW The horse market of Warsaw is one of the most important in Europe. Situated in one of the richest grazing regions of the Old World, with the added advantage of being close to the horse-using centers of western Europe, Warsaw's market has long been sought by the buyers of the continent. Some famous stock farms are to be found among the holdings of the noblemen of Russian Poland, as well as among the possessions of nobles of German and Austrian Poland. In size she outranked nearly every na tion of the continent. Even now Russia alone of the European nations is larger than Poland was at her greatest. In population she stood at the forefront of Europe; only Russia and Germany today have greater populations than are to be found in the lands that once were Poland ; for unpartitioned Poland had an area of 282,000 square miles, and the lands that once lay within her boundaries now support a population of approximately 50 million. In area she was as large as the German Empire, Switzerland, Bel gium, Holland, and Denmark together; larger than Great Britain, Italy, and Greece combined; larger than Austria- Hungary and Servia in one. Within what were her boundaries there dwells a pres ent population larger than the combined populations of Great Britain and Bel gium; larger than those of France, Bel gium, and Holland together; and match ing that of Austria-Hungary. Poland was three times partitioned, and these partitionings were readjusted between the partitioners by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Where the original partitions had given Russia 181,ooo square miles, Prussia 54,000 square miles, and Austria 45,000 square miles, the reapportionment of the Vienna Con gress gave Russia 220,500, Prussia, 26,000, and Austria 35,000 square miles.