National Geographic : 1915 Apr
Photo by F. J. Koch A HAPPY PEASANT MAID Every Servian woman, whether princess or peasant, is a needleworker. There is an association of carpet weavers known as the "Pirot Carpet Zadruga." All of its members are women. It was founded in 1902 and is managed by a council of seven women and two committees of five members each. One of these committees has supervision of the work, and the other values the carpets after their completion. The output of this organization has been awarded several grand prizes in different European exhibitions. masse and elected "Black George" the national leader. He was a pig-driver who could not write his name, it is said; yet by 1807 he had paved the way to Turkish recognition of the autonomy of Servia. During the Napoleonic wars, while Rus sia's attention was called to western fields, Turkey again invaded Servia and banished most of her leading men. In 1815 a new insurrection broke out, and two years later the Servians had regained their autonomy, which was confirmed by the Treaty of Adrianople between Turkey and Russia in 1829. Since that time Servia has had a somewhat eventful career. She was bitterly disappointed in the failure of the Congress of Berlin to consolidate Bosnia, Herzegovina, Monte- negro, and the sanjak (territory) of Novibazar. This disappointment led to a temporary breaking of her friendship with Russia and the establishment of a new, one with Austria-Hungary. When Bulgaria took over eastern Rumelia, Servia, in order to get a compensating territory, waged a war on Bulgaria, which was stopped by the interposition of Aus tria-Hungary. In 1908, following the Young Turks' Revolution, Austria-Hun gary formally annexed Bosnia and Her zegovina; whereupon Servia and Monte negro prepared to go to war with her as a result. The big Powers threw their influence on the side of peace, and the irrepressible conflict that broke out in 1914 was staved off six years.