National Geographic : 1915 May
MAP OF THE GATES TO THE BLACK SEA calla, Marcus Aurelius, and Constantine the Great. It was Sulla who began to adorn Troy with beautiful temples, as conceived by Alexander and partly executed by Ly simachus, and to see in Ilium the cradle of the Roman race. Caesar also offered up sacrifices to the gods at Ilium and, what may, not be generally known, he conceived the idea of making Troy the residential city and center of the Roman Empire. Even Constantine thought of erecting his capital at Ilium before he finally selected Byzantium, in 330 A. D., and he gave it the name of Constanti nople. During the reigns of the Byzantine emperors the town and citadel of Troy fell into decay and was completely neg lected. The stones and marbles were carried away and used as building ma terial. The Turks never attempted to build a town at or near Troy. The soil and debris of a thousand years finally settled down upon the classic mound, completely veiling it from the outside world until it was uncovered by Schlie mann, 40 years ago.-ERNEST L. HARRIS.