National Geographic : 1915 Jun
THE CATHEDRAL AT FARRARA: NORTHERN ITALY With its imposing facade of three series of arches placed one above the other and its projecting portal, the cathedral at Ferrara is one of Italy's best examples of Lombard archi tecture. It was begun in the twelfth century. city laws. All enactments having refer ence to this bank were proclaimed from the steps of the Rialto; here was the Ex change; here the great commerce in the treasures of the East was carried on; here Venice bartered the wealth of her industry for the wealth of natural prod ucts before England and Holland became the mistresses of the trade of the world. NATURE WANTING Rich as Venice is in beauty, however, one thing is wanting to her - Nature. Whosoever wishes to enjoy nature must take refuge in the Giardini Pubblici, on the Lido, or on the little islands of Chiog gia and Torcello, where the fishermen's huts stand, built out of the beams of wrecked ships (see map, page 630). The public gardens of Venice are the creation of Napoleon, who pulled down hundreds of buildings, even consecrated buildings, in order to give this space for recreation to the Venetians; making them thus the most rare and singular of pres ents-a solid piece of dry land, a prome nade among trees! You go along the Riva de' Schiavoni, which leads from the piazzetta in the direction of the Lido. This Riva is a noble quay paved with broad flagstones, over which throngs of people move and in front of which are anchored rows of ships. Some have their flags flying; others are having their sides newly pitched, while the idle sailors lie sleeping on the decks. Every now and then we come upon a bridge with shallow, broad steps crossing a canal.