National Geographic : 1915 Aug
HERON FISHING AT HEAD-WATER STREAM: AS THE SHORES OF THE LAKE OPEN UP THEY WILL BE A FAVORITE RESORT FOR ALL WADING BIRDS powers under the treaty are concerned, they are ample to enable us to acquire all the lands needed." The treaty in question was proclaimed by President Roosevelt, February 26, 1904, and contained several broad stipu lations altogether sufficient to meet pres ent requirements. Article II, after grant ing, under definite boundaries, the' o mile: zone, further provides that the United States shall be granted "in per petuity the use, occupation, and control of any other lands and waters outside of the zone, above described, which may be necessary and convenient for the con struction, maintenance, operation, sanita tion, and protection of the said canal." TIME MUST BE FIXED The acceptance of this privilege is not operative, of course, without proof that such enlargement is "necessary and con venient" in the use and protection of the canal. A demand, therefore, must be made for a compliance with this agree ment. However liberal this offer, no in- dependent nation can yield or another ac cept sovereignty over a territory without a proper definement of the ceded land, in order to determine the date of transfer and the permanent assumption of a juris diction thereover. Eleven years have now elapsed since the treaty went into effect, and good faith as well as expediency suggests negotia tions for determining the amount of land or adjacent waters needed to protect the United States in its use of the canal. While the treaty is silent as to additional compensation, such an omission should be disregarded and an appropriation made in proportion to the value of the addi tional grant. All or a part of this sum might be used by Panama in the purchase of the bound ary territory from Costa Rica, now under dispute, thereby restoring to Panama an area that would serve as an equivalent for the cession of the additional land, and at the same time bringing the three na tions concerned into a mutual adjustment of their territorial rights.