National Geographic : 1915 Nov
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C. O. H. TITTMANN GILBERT H. GROSVEN JOHN OLIVER LA GOF O. P. AUSTIN PRESIDENT JOHN E. PILLSBURY JOHN JOY EDSON OR, DIRECTOR AND EDITOR F.B. EICHEBERGE RCE . ASSOCIATE EDITOR GEORGE W. HUTCHISON, VICE-PRESIDENT . TREASURER ASSISTANT TREASURER ASSISTANT SECRETARY . SECRETARY WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER . ASSISTANT EDITOR 1913-1915 FRANKLIN K. LANE Secretary of the Interior HENRY F. BLOUNT Vice-President American Se curity and Trust Company C. M. CHESTER Rear Admiral U. S . Navy, Formerly Supt. U . S . Naval Observatory FREDERICK V. COVILLE Formerly Presidentof Wash ington Academy of Sciences JOHN E. PILLSBURY Rear Admiral U. S . Navy, Formerly Chief Bureau of Navigation RUDOLPH KAUFFMANN Managing Editor The Evening Star T. L. MACDONALD M.D., F.A.C.S. S. N. D. NORTH Formerly Director U. S. Bu reau of Census BOARD OF MANAGERS 1914-1916 ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL Inventor of the telephone J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, The Geo. Washington Univ. A. W. GREELY Arctic Explorer, Major Gen'l U. S. Army GILBERT H. GROSVENOR Editor of National Geographic Magazine GEORGE OTIS SMITH Director of U. S . Geological Survey O. H. TITTMANN Formerly Superintendent of U. S.Coast and Geodetic Sur vey HENRY WHITE Formerly U. S . Ambassador to France, Italy, etc. JOHN M. WILSON Brigadier General U. S . Army, Formerly Chief of Engineers 1915-1917 CHARLES J. BELL President American Security and Trust Company JOHN JOY EDSON President Washington Loan & Trust Company DAVID FAIRCHILD In Charge of Agricultural Ex plorations, Dept. of Agric. C. HART MERRIAM Member National Academy of Sciences O. P . AUSTIN Statistician GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner U. S . Bureau of Lighthouses GEORGE SHIRAS, 3D Formerly Member U. S . Con gress, Faunal Naturalist, and Wild-Game Photographer GRANT SQUIRES New York To carry out the purpose for which it was founded twenty-six years ago, namely, "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society, or other friends, are desired. For material that the Society can use, adequate remunera tion is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed re turn envelope and postage, and be addressed: GILBERT H. GROSVENOR, EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM O. H. TITTMANN ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAPMAN WALTER T. SWINGLE ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL DAVID FAIRCHILD HUGH M. SMITH N. H. DARTON FRANK M. CHAPMAN Entered at the Post-Office at Washington, D. C,, as Second-Class Mail Matter Copyright, 1915, by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C . All rights reserved .