National Geographic : 1916 Jan
Photograph by A. W. Cutler PEASANT WOMEN READY TO START TO MARKET: MEZOKOVESD, HUNGARY Cloves are the unopened flower buds of a beautiful evergreen tree which grows mainly in the Spice Islands. After pick ing, the buds are thrown on grass mats on the ground and allowed to dry in the sun, care being taken to shelter them from the dew at night. In about one week they are ready to be packed for ex portation. They contain about 16 per cent of a volatile oil which is used largely in the manufacture of perfumery, soaps, and candles. The nutmeg is the dried kernel of the seed of the fruit of a tropical tree some what resembling the orange tree. It is a native of the Malay Archipelago, but is also grown largely in Asia, Africa, South America, and the West Indies. The fruit is .gathered when fully ripe, and, as in the case of coffee, the pulp is discarded. The seeds are then dried in the suri or by artificial means. Later the outer coating is broken and the nutmeg or kernel taken out. The outer coating is also used commercially, being exported under the name of mace.