National Geographic : 1916 Jan
Photograph by N. I . Darton PICKING ORANGES IN CALIFORNIA Because of the great freeze of two decades ago and the competition of the spirited Western growers, Florida has been forced to yield first place in the orange industry to California Pittsburgh. Three-fourths of this is grown in Brazil, a country that has be come rich from its coffee industry alone. Europe and North America bear approxi mately the same relation to the consump tion of coffee that Brazil does to its pro duction, these two continents using nearly four-fifths of all the coffee the world produces. Holland is the greatest coffee-drinking nation on the globe. It uses 151s pounds per capita annually, while we use 912 pounds, Germany 5/ pounds, Austria Hungary 22/5 pounds, and the United Kingdom 23 of a pound. On the other hand, we use less than one pound of tea per capita, where the United Kingdom uses nearly seven pounds. Canada is about two-thirds English and one-third American in its use of coffee and tea; it shows a decided preference for the tea, but drinks less of it than the mother country, making up the difference with coffee. The Germans and the Austro Hungarians use only a negligible quantity of tea. The coffee plant is a shrub which, under cultivation, grows from 4 to 6 feet high. In its wild state it grows three or four times as high as in its cultivated state. The dwarfing of the plant in creases the crop and facilitates picking. The leaves are of a fresh green color; the flowers are white and have an odor strongly resembling jasmine. The green coffee berry of commerce is nothing more nor less than the seeds of the coffee "cherry." These "cherries"