National Geographic : 1916 Jan
Photograph by Curtis & Miller CUTTING SALMON FOR TIHE CANS The salmon are fed into the "iron chink," which automatically removes the head, fins, and viscera; after that it goes to the cutting machine, which prepares it for the can fixed by the prices received for that por tion of the product moving in interna tional trade. And yet it is quite a good bit a case of the tail wagging the dog, as will be seen from the figures in relation to wheat. Out of 4,000,000,000 bushels of wheat raised in the world, only 6oo,ooo, ooo get out into the channels of interna tional trade. THE ORIGIN OF WHEAT The growing of wheat has so long been a principal occupation with man that its geographical origin is unknown. The Egyptians claim it originated with Isis, while the Chinese claim to have received the seed direct as a gift from heaven. The belief that it originated in the valleys of the Euphrates and the Tigris is more generally accepted than any other. The most ancient languages mention wheat, and it has been found by the archeolo- gists in the kitchens of the prehistoric in habitants of the Swiss Lake region. It is generally agreed that at the lowest esti mate, wheat has been a faithful servant of mankind for six thousand years. A glance at the statistics of bread con sumption shows that as meat consump tion goes down that of bread rises up. The people of the United States consume 295 pounds per capita of wheat and rye per year, those of England 356 pounds, those of Germany 525 pounds, and those of France 550 pounds, which is in every case in inverse ratio to their consumption of meat. According to available statistics, the Central Powers of Europe produced 501, ooo,ooo bushels of wheat in 1913. This would give them a per capita production of 215 pounds. Their total production of rye amounted in the same year to 654, 000,000 bushels, or 261 pounds per capita.