National Geographic : 1916 Sep
Photograph byH.G.Dwight THE MONASTERY OF VATOPETHI: MT. ATHOS, GREECE This large, rich, and ancient monastery stands second in the hierarchic order of the peninsula. Its greater wealth, size, and accessibility give it an influence on the peninsula second to none. According to local legends, Vatopethi was foundedbythe Emperor Constantine theGreat. Julian the Apostate is said to have destroyed the monastery of Constantine, which was rebuilt and enlarged byTheodosius theGreat ingratitude for the miraculous escape from drowning, in Vatopethi Bay, of his young son Arcadius. Arcadius himself, after mounting thethrone, iscredited by local tradition with many benefactions toward the monastery. In 862 it was sacked and burnt by Saracen pirates.