National Geographic : 1916 Sep
Photograph by Zepdji A GROUP OF BULGARIANS IN SALONIKI One sees everywhere in this Greek metropolis reminders of the centuries during which Turkey ruled in Saloniki. Only the latest maps show Saloniki as a part of Greece, for it was only during the first Balkan War that the region of which it is the center became Greek territory. the population were given me, varying according to the race of my informant; but they all agreed on the point that Sa loniki contains not far from 150,000 peo ple, and that more than half of them are Jews. There is also a considerable Moslem population of Hebrew origin, mainly de scended from the followers of Sabatai Levi, of Smyrna, a would-be Messiah of the seventeenth century, who created a great stir in this part of the world, and who, being at last offered his choice be tween death and Islam, elected the latter. Several of the Young Turk leaders be long to these Dinmeh, as they are called, or Those Who Turned. They are still looked upon a little askance by the ortho dox of both confessions. Altogether the Jews of Saloniki are more than a mere piece of local color. They hold their heads up as do their co religionists in no other city in Europe down to the very boatmen in the harbor.