National Geographic : 1916 Dec
COMMONWEALTH PARLIAMENT HOUSE: MELBOURNE, VICTORIA While Sydney is much older than Melbourne, there is a neck-and-neck race between them for the honor of the greatest population, not to mention a gentlemanly rivalry in all other matters. More than one-fourth of the population of this continent is centered in these two cities. Combined they have about I,4co,cco people, while the population of the six Australian States is only about 5,000,000. At present Melbourne is the seat of the Federal Government, but will lose that distinction when the new capital, Canberra, is completed.