National Geographic : 1917 Jan
Photograph by A. W . Cutler AN EXTRAORDINARY TOMBSTONE TO A TROUT Erected by Mrs. Keyte, of Fish Cottage, Blockley, Worcestershire. The stone recites the story of the trout. Few people would believe this of any fish but a trout. the total tonnage-this being due to the very heavy coal business from that port. Cowes has 24,000 ships a year; New castle, 13,000; Portsmouth, 15,000, and Glasgow and Belfast 11,000 each. With the opening of the Clyde, Glas gow has been brought into direct commu nication with oversea lands. Dover, with its great Admiralty harbor; Chatham, with its vast Royal Dockyard, where 7,000 workmen are employed even in nor mal times; Middlesborough, with its great shipbuilding industry; Manchester, with its splendid canal opening up an inland city to world trade; Belfast, with its fa mous shipbuilders; Portsmouth and Ply mouth, on the south coast, with their extensive port works; Grimsby, Hull, and Aberdeen, with the largest fishing fleets in existence; Newlyn and Brixham, homes of the mackerel fisheries, and Mil ford and Fleetwood, the ports the hake has made famous, are all places full of enterprise, which have been even more active since the war began than they ever were before a "submarine peril" was dreamed of. As has been said, the British Isles con tain no less than I19 ports available for commerce, and practically all of them have been developed for effective use. Even if the Germans have 500 sub marines constructed for the purposes of this blockade, as is claimed, the total makes an average of only about four sub marines available for blockading each port. Submarines, with even the largest ra dius which any of these boats possess, are dependent upon a convenient base or upon the service rendered by a "mother ship." They generally can carry a most limited number of torpedoes, without which they are ineffective, and in addition they are severely handicapped by the very nature of their operations.