National Geographic : 1917 Jan
The crest, as* seen from the valley, forms a great arc some three miles in length, high est at the ends, and broken in the middle by a sharp, tooth-like rock, which stands up out of the lowest place in the rim. Even from the valley the edges of this curv ing rim are so sharp astogivethetopa hollow appearance, in dicative of the great crater within (p. 48). MOUNT KATMAI IS NOW MERELY A STUB OF ITS FORMER BULK Although Mount Katmai was seen by many white men be fore the eruption, there is no record of any photograph or de scription of it; so that there is no very defi nite means of deter mining the configura tion of the mountain before the explosion. It was higher than Mageik, however, and originally must have q u i t e overshadowed the latter, because, though much less con- Photograph by R. F. Griggs A ROCK WHICH ROLLED OFF THE MOUNTAIN SIDE ACROSS OUR TRAIL WHILE WE WERE UP THE VALLEY spicuously placed in the valley, it gave its name to both river and town. The Coast and Geodetic Sur vey's chart of the district shows a three peaked mountain with an elevation of 7,500 feet. The highest peak was to the south, while the middle one was 7,360 feet and the north 7,260 feet high re spectively. From the contours of the chart I have made a diagram of the mountain before the eruption for comparison with its pres ent condition (see page 49). But even without the information given by the chart, it is evident that the present moun tain is merely a stub of a much greater peak of former days. Coming back into the lower valley after the total desolation of the country in the shadow of the volcanoes was like regain ing the earth after a visit to the inferno. How green the trees looked! How the birds sang! How beautiful the green mountains ! And this was the country on which we had'exhausted our superlatives of devastation in an effort to compare it with Kodiak! We ourselves had not fully realized the awful devastation near the volcano until we felt the relief from its contemplation in the comparative ver dure of the vicinity of the ruined village. We were much relieved to find our base camp intact. Although a wolverine had been prowling around, he had evi dently been suspicious of such fresh signs of man and had not disturbed anything. On July 29 we began to look for Mr.