National Geographic : 1917 Feb
Photograph by D. W. Iddings, Keystone View Co. GENERAL VIEW OF PRAGUE FROM TIIE PETRIN HILI Austria has been effected. Continuous wars with the Turks and a terrible plague further weaken the Czechs. Ferdinand proves a scourge. Religious persecution and then general oppression of Bohemia follow. The freely chosen king becomes tyrant and before long the greatest enemy of Bohemia. Backed by the rest of his dominion, by Rome and Spain, he tramples over the privileges of Bohemia; depletes its man-power as well as treasury; by subterfuge or treachery occupies Prague and other cities, and follows with bloody reprisals and con fiscations, which lead to an era of ruth lessness and suffering such as the coun try has not experienced in its history. The weakened state of the country allows of no effective protest, and of its former allies or friends none are strong enough to offer effective help. Til1 TYRANNY ' o 1 RDINAN1) Yet even worse was to come from the I absburgs, the association with whom for Bohemia was from the beginning of the greatest misfortune. During the reign of Ferdinand's immediate succes sors there is a breathing spell for the Czechs; but in 1616 another llabsburg, Ferdinand II, again under force of cir cumstances, is elected king of Bohemia, only to prove its greatest tyrant. Within two years the Bohemians are in open revolt, and in another year the king is deposed.