National Geographic : 1917 May
Y otograph by Herbert Lorey CHARACTERISTIC COSTUMES IN THE SALONIKI STREETS This is a fair-sized town for the northern Macedonian country. There are perhaps 150 houses scattered on the slopes of a rocky hill or sunk in the abominable mud of the Cerna Valley. Here the Bulga rians behaved "fairly well," the peasants said. Some of the men were beaten, and some were taken away to dig trenches, and some ran away to the hills; but the town was not burned and the women were not abused. The peasants were grateful. AMERICAN NURSE FED THE STARVING AT BROD When the Serbians took the town they found several hundred of the people still there. There was no food. The village was under constant bombardment. Each Macedonian peasant is a potential spy, for lineage and allegiance are too mixed for either side to place reliance in his loyalty. The people of Brod were moved out to the last man and baby. The Serbs searched the houses one by one, and looked under the caving bank of the Cerna and hunted over the bare hillside. There was none left. The village head man swore it. Yet a little later, when the Serbs had given place to the Italians, the mired and filthy streets of Brod suddenly became alive with children. Children were every where; starving children, impossibly dirty children, children that were verminous and pallid and so ragged that the snow struck against bare flesh through the holes in their garments. No men and few women were seen at this time. The Italian soldiers fed these little outcasts with the scraps of their rations. A mili tary ration is scientifically adjusted to the needs of the soldier. There is no ex cess to be devoted to charity. Miss Emily Simmonds, of the Amer ican Red Cross, relieved this situation. Miss Simmonds secured an assignment as nurse in a near-by hospital and while there learned of the children's famine at Brod. She moved in one night without a pass, without a guard, and equipped only with a small tent that was so im perfect a shelter that the constant rains rotted the mattress of her bed. She took a census of the starving ones. By this time there were 40 women and 200 children, and there was not a bite to eat, nor a stick of fuel nor a blanket.