National Geographic : 1917 Aug
THE HUB OF THE MOSLEM UNIVERSE, THE SACRED KA'ABA AT MECCA The Ka'aba stands in the center of the sacred mosque, Mesjid el Haram. The colonnades which surround it are used for housing pilgrims. All the streets of the city slope toward this House of God (Beit Allah). peace of the people and in fraternity is the bond of union." The Turkish Government, however, was most unsuccessful in introducing liberty and reform in the province of Hejaz, as it has been in other portions of the empire. Their task, even had they made a conscientious effort, would have been especially difficult here because of the mutual hatred between Turks and Arabs, the restless character of the Bed- ouin population, and the utter collapse of all respect for authority after the Turk ish defeat in the Balkan War. The Arabs have at last insisted upon ruling their sacred cities themselves and have placed the Grand Sherif of Mecca, El Husein Ibn Ali, on the temporal throne of the new kingdom, as well as upon the spiritual throne of the whole Moslem world, save that portion dominated by the Sultan of Turkey.