National Geographic : 1917 Sep
Photograph by O. W. Barrett WINNOWING MAFURRA SEEDS FOR EXPORT AT CHAI-CHAI, ON THE CROCODILE, OR LIMPOPO RIVER: PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA The seed contains about 60 per cent of oil and tallow and is worth about $25 to $35 per ton f. o. b.; about 3,000 tons are exported (mostly from Inhambane) and at least ioo,ooo tons are left to decay. The tree is Trichilia emetica, a relative of the Mexican mahogany. Photograph from Charles K. Moser THE WATER FRONT AT MUKALLA, ON TIIE INDIAN OCEAN, COAST OF ARABIA Myrrh comes from a tree developed in the form of an undergrowth in the Red Sea coast, where vegetation is scant, water scarce, and temperature high. Myrrh is formed like cherry-tree gum, or from artificial incisions through the thin bark. It is at first a juice, then oily, soft, yellowish, golden, finally hard and reddish. It is collected mostly by the Somali, both at home and across the Aden Gulf, in Arabia, and formerly entered commerce by way of Egypt. It is now, in normal times, carried to the great fair of Berbera, there purchased by the Banians of India, and shipped by way of Asia to Bombay, where it is assorted into grades and put into chests and sent to the markets of the world.