National Geographic : 1917 Oct
or a red rocket to signify, "You are seen; as sistance will be given as soon as possible" (234). A red flag waved on shore by day, or a red light, red rocket, or red roman candle displayed by night, will signify, "Haul away" (235). A white flag waved on shore by day, or a white light swung slowly back and forth, or a white rocket or white roman candle fired by night, will signify, "Slack away" (236). Two flags, a white and a red, waved at the same time on shore by day, or two lights, a white; and a red, slowly swung at the same time, or a blue pyrotechnic: light burned by night will signify, "Do not attempt to land in your Own boats; it is impossible" (237). A man on shore beckoning by day, or two torches burning near together by night, will signify, "This is the best place to land" (238) Any of these signals may be answered from the vessel as follows: In the day-time, by wav ing a flag, a handkerchief, a hat, or even the hand; at night, by firing a rocket, a blue light, or a gun, or by showing a light over the ship's gunwale for a short time and then concealing it. 239-246. The insignia of the airplanes of the various countries are here shown. The United States makes use of the five-pointed star, Great Britain still retains her three crosses of the union jack, Germany marks hers with the Prussian black cross, and Turkey displays the familiar star and crescent. 248-253. These represent the company sig nal flags of the U. S . infantry and of the militia and volunteers. 254-261. Distinguishing flags and lanterns of army headquarters. 262. The flag of the Secretary of the Treas ury, who is Commander-in-Chief of the Coast Guard and Public Health Service, has a blue field with crossed anchors in white centered thereon, the design surrounded by thirteen white five-pointed stars. This flag is flown when the Secretary of the Treasury is aboard vessels of the Treasury service. 263. The U. S . Coast Guard flag was adopted in 1799 for the Revenue Cutter Serv ice, now merged with the Life Saving Service into the Coast Guard. The sixteen vertical stripes proclaim the sixteen States that were in the Union at the time the design was adopted; its red eagle, with the stars above and the escutcheon on its breast, bespeaks the Federal service. The badge on the seventh red stripe bears a shield surrounded by the motto, "Semper Paratus 1790" (Always prepared). It appears on the flag to show that it represents the Coast Guard. The same flag without the badge denotes the custom houses of the United States. In time of war the Coast Guard oper ates as a part of the United States Navy and then uses the flags and pennants of the naval service. 264-265. The design of the arms on the flags of the Secretary and Assistant Secretary of Commerce are, identical, except for the transposition of colors. It is-taken from the. official seal of the department'and shows on the upper part of the escutcheon a ship at full sail and on the lower part a lighthouse illu mined. The service flag is hoisted at the fore mast on holidays, on occasions of official cere monies, when entering a port after an extended voyage, and at any other time when the na tional ensign is hoisted. At no time should a service flag be displayed without the national ensign. These flags are shown as follows: 268, 272, 276, 280. 266. The Assistant Secretary of the Treas ury has the same flag as the Secretary of the Treasury, except that the colors are trans posed. His flag is never flown in the presence of the flag of his ranking officer, 262. 267. The pennant of the U. S . Coast Guard has thirteen stars and vertical red and white stripes. It was adopted in 1799, and is always displayed by Coast Guard cutters in commis sion. In time of war the Coast Guard oper ates as part of the U. S. Navy and wears the commission pennant of the navy. 268. The service flag of the Bureau of Navigation, with its white ship in a red disc on a blue ground is flown by all vessels of the Navigation Service during daylight hours. 269. The flag of the Commissioner of Navi gation is blue, bearing a full-rigged ship in white in the center. It is flown on Department of Commerce vessels when the Commissioner of Navigation is on board. 270. The flag of the Customs Service is the same as that of the Coast Guard, except that the badge of the latter is omitted. 271. The jack of the Coast Guard Service is a reproduction of the canton of the ensign of the same service. The jack of the Coast Guard is used only at parades on shore. Since the national:.ensign has been used as the en sign of the Coast Guard, the old Coast Guard ensign is used only as a distinguishing flag, and the only jack displayed on vessels of the Coast Guard is 4. 272. A white fish on a red diamond im posed upon a blue ground constitutes the flag flown by the vessels of the Bureau of Fish eries. It was adopted in 1896. 273. The Commissioner of Fisheries has one of the newest flags in the Federal service. It is a blue banner with a white fish in the center and was adopted July 22, 1913. 274. The flag of the U. S. Public Health Service was adopted in 1894. It is the inter national yellow quarantine flag with the serv ice shield thereon. The fouled anchor stands for the seamen in need of assistance, and the caduceus represents the herald or physician who is to bring restored health. 275. This is the flag of the senior officer present, and is flown in the Coast Guard to indicate that the ship which displays it bears the force commander. 276. The flag of the Bureau of Lighthouses is a white triangular pennant, red bordered, and bearing in the white field, parallel with the staff and next to it, a blue lighthouse. 277. The flag of the Commissioner of Lighthouses has the white field and blue light house of the service flag placed upon a square field of blue. 278. The Surgeon General of the U. S . Public Health Service flies a flag of blue, bear ing the fouled anchor, of the official shield of the service. The design is white.