National Geographic : 1918 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE mary instruction in meteorology and as tronomy and devotes considerable time to military drill and calisthenics. From rev eille, at 5.30 a. m., to tattoo, at 9.30, there is serious and interesting work. The next step is to one of the great new flying schools, where instruction in actual flying is given. First comes the dual work with the instructor, beginning with long "hops" into the air and down again, to accustom the pupil to the vari ous controls, such as the rudder, elevator, throttle and switch, and to the general "feel" of an airplane. Baffling enough at first, mastery of this work affords an in stinctive control of the machine, so that whatever happens later he will not lose his head and make the wrong move. WHEN THE CADET FIRST FLIES ALONE Gradually, as the cadet's skill and con fidence increase, he is given increasing responsibility for the machine, though the instructor remains with him to save him from a slip. When at last he has demon strated absolute control of himself and his plane, he is ready for the third stage, the proud moment when he leaves the ground alone. He is held back, however, rather than hurried forward into this, on the theory that it is far better to spend a few extra days in intensive instruction than it is to lose either a cadet or a plane. both of which are now part of America's air capital. The infrequency of fatal accidents in America's great training program has more than justified this caution. The next stage is known as solo work, or flying alone. Backed by the funda mental training of the ground school and the dual instruction, the cadet is fully qualified to take the air by himself. Iis every move is noted and suggestions for improvement given on his return to earth. Gradually, he is allowed to lengthen out the distance and the height of his flights, until he is easily executing 3o-mile cross country trips and the simpler evolutions at an altitude around 1o,ooo feet. By now he has completed the require ments for his designation as a "reserve military aviator," which automatically carries with it his first commission, that of a second lieutenant, with a salary of $1,700 a year. How long it has taken Photograph by Central News Photo Service A KITE BALLOON ON OBSERVATION OVER AN AMERICAN WARSHIP WIIICII IT IS ATTACHED DUTY TO The three round-bottom cones are air anchors, which serve to keep the basket of the observer stable and facilitate his careful watch for sub marines. These canvas stabilizers constitute the tail of the kite balloon. ~t-.