National Geographic : 1918 Jun
GERMANY'S DREAM OF WORLD DOMINATION BY THE EDITOR PALTRY indeed seem the domin ions of all the tyrants of the past, who attempted to "wade through slaughter" to the throne of world empire, compared with the vaulting ambition of the Hohenzollerns for Prussianizing the earth, as seriously proposed by states men, diplomats, and military experts of Germany during the last few years. Our talented Secretary of State, Mr. Robert Lansing, in the preceding article has revealed the mental attitude of auto cratic Prussia toward the remainder of the world. Supplementary to that reve lation, it is worth while to recall some of the concrete utterances of Pan-Germans concerning their specific aspirations. Ridiculous and grotesque would be the claims of these apostles of Germany Over-All were it not for the fact that such extravagant preachments to the German people have brought about a de bauch of blood, rapine, and destruction the like of which has never before afflicted mankind. The accompanying map of the world tells the story of Germany's all-grasping aims. The areas in black are her own and those lands of her neighbors which she covets. At the time that Germany plunged the world into war four years ago, the area of her empire in Europe was 208,780 square miles-larger than that of any other nation in continental Europe save her vassal, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. She had a population at home of nearly 70,000,000, while her colonial empire, ex ceeding a million square miles, had an additional population of more than 14, 000,000. But she was not content. These pos sessions must be but the core of the great sphere of dominions which she would ac cumulate in a rolling tide of blood con quest ! GERMANY'S DREAM Germany claims as her right (through her spokesmen, the leading citizens of the empire), the following: All of Europe save Portugal, Spain, the uninvaded portion of France, the British Isles, and the as yet unconquered portions of Russia. In brief, she wants in Europe 1,196,000 square miles of the total continental area of 3,872,000 square miles and 270,000,000 of the 464,000,000 inhabitants. All of South America save the two inconsequential colonies of British and French Guiana. Her aspirations in this sphere include more than 7,400oo,0oo square miles of the total continental area of 7,570,000 square miles and 55,421,200 of the total population of 55,779,000. In Africa her modest claims embrace 6,840,000 square miles of the total area of 11,622,000 square miles, leaving less than 5,000,000 square miles, largely des ert, for her sister nations. The territory which Germany claims in this part of the world maintains a population of 85,000, ooo inhabitants, compared with only 57,000,000 for the remainder of the conti nent. Considering the extent of the conti nent, Germany's Asian aspirations would seem amazingly conservative for her, were it not that much of the land to which she waives claim is, like that in Africa, an unproductive waste. With Russian Turkestan, India, China, vassal Turkey, and the Mohammedan realms of Persia and Afghanistan-the areas which she wants-the Central Empire would have 5,662,000 square miles of this continent, sustaining a population of approximately 775,000,000. And there should be added to these figures the Dutch East Indies, Ger many's by right of the might of larger nations over smaller neighbors-735,ooo square miles and 48,000,000 people. All of Australia, with an area of 2,974,581 square miles and a population of nearly 5,000,000. Teuton expecta tions in this continent have been revealed very recently in the unblushing confes sions of Herr Thysson, who is quoted elsewhere in this article.