National Geographic : 1918 Jun
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C. O. H. TITTMANN GILBERT H.GROSVENOR, JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE O. P. AUSTIN 1916-1918 FRANKLIN K. LANE Secretary of the Interior \VW iA.ra3r IHOWARD 'TAFT Formerly President of the I united States C. M. CHESTER Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Supt. U. S. Naval Observatory FREDERICK '. COVILLE Formerly President of Wash ington Academy of Sci ences JOTIxN E. PILLSBURY Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Chief Bureau of Navigation li t'DO.lPI KAU-FFMANN Managing Editor The Even ing Star T. 1.. MACDONALD M.I)., F.A.C.S. S. N. ). NORTII Formerly Director U. S. Bu reau of Census PRESIDENT DIRECTOR AND EDITOR . ASSOCIATE EDITOR JOHN E. PILLSBURY JOHN JOY EDSON GEORGE W. HUTCHISON, WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER .SECRETARY RALPH A. GRAVES BOARD OF MANAGERS 1917-1919 ALEXANDER GRAIAM BELL Inventor of the telephone J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, The George Washington University A. W. GREELY Arctic Explorer, Major Gen'l U. S. Army GILBERT H. GROSVENOR Editor of National Geo graphic Magazine GEORGE OTIS SMITH Director of U. S. Geological Survey 0. H. TITTMANX Formerly Superintendent of U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey HENRY \WHITE Formerly U. S. Ambassador to France, Italy, etc. JoHN M. \ILSON Brigadier General U. S. Army, Formerly Chief of Engineers VICE-PRESIDENT . TREASURER ASSISTANT SECRETARY . ASSISTANT EDITOR ASSISTANT EDITOR 1918-1920 CHARLES J. BELL President American Security and Trust Company JOHN JOY EDSON Chairman of the Board, Washington Ioan & Trust Company DAVID FAIRCHILD In Charge of Agricultural Explorations, Department of Agriculture C. HART MERRIAM Member National Academy of Sciences 0. P. AUSTIr Statistician GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner U. S. Bureau of Lighthouses GEORGE SIIIRAS, 3D Formerly Member U. S. Con gress, Faunal Naturalist, and Wild-Game Photogra pher GRANT SQUIRES New York To carry out the purpose for which it was founded twenty-eight years ago, namely, "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society, or other friends. are desired. For material that the Society can use. adequate remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage. and be addressed: GILBERT H. GROSVENOR. EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM O. H. TITTMAXNN ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAPMAN WALTER T. SWIXNGLE ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL DAVID FAIRCHIID HrGII M. SMITII N. H. DARTON FRAXK M. CIrAPMIAN Copyright, 1918, by National Geographic Society. \\ ashington, D. C. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post-Office at \Vashington, D. C., as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July i, 1918.