National Geographic : 1918 Jul
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C. O. H. TITTMANN PRESIDENT JOHN E. PILLSBURY VICE-PRESIDENT GILBERT H. GROSVENOR, DIRECTOR AND EDITOR JOHN JOY EDSON . . . TREASURER JOHN OLIVER LA GORE . ASSOCIATE EDITOR GEORGE W. HUTHISON, ASSISTANT SECRETARY ASSCATE ETR WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER . ASSISTANT EDITOR O. P. AUSTIN . SECRETARY RALPH A. GRAVES ASSISTANT EDITOR 1916-1918 FRANKLIN K. LA:E Secretary of the Interior \WILT.IAM IIWARD 'TA1'T Formerly President of the IUnited States C. M. CHESTER Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Supt. I'. S. Naval Observatory FREDERICK V. COVIII:E Formerly President of \\ash ington Academy of Sci ences JOHN E. PILLSBlnRI Rear Admiral U. S. Navyv. Formerly Chief I:ureau of Navigation IRUDOLPHI KAUFFM3A N N Managing Editor 'TheElven ing Star T. L. MACDONALD M.D., F.A.C.S. S. N. D. NoRTH Formerly Director U. S. Bu reau of Census BOARD OF MANAGERS 1917-1919 ALEXANDER GRAIIAM BE L. Inventor of the telephone J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics. The George Washington University A. W. GREELY Arctic Explorer, Major Gen'l U. S. Army GIL.ERT H. GROSVENO i 1'jlitor of National Geo graphic Magazine GEOR.E OTIS SMITH Director of U. S . Geological Survey 0. H. TITT'rAN Formerly Superintendent of U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey HENRY WHITEE Formerly U. S. Amblassador: to France, Italy, etc. JOIs M. VIWH.SO lirigadier General U. S. Army, Formerly Chief of l pcer- 1918-1920 CHIARIES J. BELL President American Security and Trust Company Joiu Jor EDSON Chairman of the Board, Washington Loan & Trust Company DAVID FAIRCHILD In Charge of Agricultural Explorations, Department of Agriculture C. HART MERRIAMI Member National Academy of Sciences O. P. AUSTIN Statistician GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner U. S. Bureau of Lighthouses GEORG;E SIIIAS, 3n Formerly Member U. S. Con gress, Faunal Naturalist, and \Vild-Game Photogra pher GRANT SQUIRES New York To carry out the purpose for which it was founded twenty-eight years ago, namely, "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society, or other friends, are desired. For material that the Society can use, adequate remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage. and be addressed: GILBERT H. GROSVENOR. EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM O. H. TITT:MANN ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAPMAN WAITER T. SWINGI.E .A L EX ANDER GRAHA3M BELL DAVID FAIRCHII.D HUGH M. SMITH N. H. DARTON FRANK M. CHT\,APMA Copyright, 1918, by National G;eoraphic Society. Washington, D. C. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post-Office at \ashington. 1). C.. as Second-Class Mail \lMatter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 10o3,Act of October 3, 1917. autlioized July i, 1ii8.