National Geographic : 1918 Dec
504 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Painting by Eugene RIurnand THE JEWISH TYPE The Jewish Year Book reckons the number of Jews in Europe today as io,ooo,ooo; in the United States 3,000,000, and another 1,000,000 scattered throughout the rest of the world. In the famous painting here reproduced the Swiss artist, Burnand, depicts two of the Disci ples, Peter and John, hurrying to the Sepulchre. The canvas hangs in the Museum of the Luxembourg, Paris. foreign residents, was 64,926,000. Subtracting the foreigners, the people of Alsace-Lorraine, and 3,500,000 Slavs, mostly Poles, there remain about 58,ooo,oo000 Germans. Adjacent, strongly attached to them, are the 1o,ooo,ooo Austrian Germans and the nearly 300,000 in Luxemburg and Liechtenstein, making a total German population in Central Europe of approximately 70,000,000. The distinction of Low Germans, dwellers in the Lowlands, and High Germans, dwellers further south, on higher ground, early indicated forms of the language and literary expression. More than any other race in Europe, the Germans in Germany have inter-bred among themselves. In consequence, they have devel oped traits which in a smaller people would be termed provincial-inordinate self-satisfaction, sense of superiority to other nations, and marked incapacity as colonizers. While mak ing good colonists under other flags than their own, as colonizers under their own flag they have failed utterly. Despite all inducements offered by their gov ernment, they were themselves reluctant to emi grate to German colonies except as State func tionaries or soldiers. In 1914, in the more than 1,ooo,ooo square miles of German colonial pos sessions, there were less than 25,000 white resi dents, inclusive of foreigners. Moreover, Ger man treatment of the natives is seldom kindly, but in general brutal and inhuman. Yet German enterprise and discontent with former conditions in the fatherland carried them by hundreds of thousands all over the globe. In the United States there are over 2,500,000 persons who were born in Germany, most of them loyal and efficient American citi zens.* There are over 2,000,000 in Hungary and 1,500,ooo in Russia, long resident in those countries. In South America there are more than 500,0o0. In 1914 German or of German origin were * See in NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, "Our Foreign-born Citizens" (February, 1917).