National Geographic : 1918 Dec
484' THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE music. The Czech Schaffarik says: •' "Serbian song resembles the tune of the • violin; old Slavonian, that of the or a, gan; Polish, that of the guitar. Old a Slavonian sounds like the loud rush of 8 the mountain stream; Polish, like the sparkling and bubbling of a fountain; o Serbian, like the quiet murmuring of a g streamlet in the valley." "na Few very rich, none very poor, a . pauper unknown before 1914, each . o family owning its own homestead, how ever small, democratic in the extreme, a, loving former Queen Natalie because n "she walks the streets bareheaded with flowing hair," vivacious and quick in movement, unsuspicious and open Shanded, equal to the Belgians. in suffer ing, heroism, and glory. Out of the furnace the Serbians are emerging, a "' trustworthy, steadfast, self-reliant peo ple (see also Jugo-Slavia, page 485). i- THE MONTENEGRINS I x. According to the Slavic legend, the • Almighty, when shaping the earth, car ried a great bag filled with mountains . which he was sowing as a farmer sows Sgrain. East of the Adriatic the bag S T broke, the mountains fell out, took root Sand produced the craggy masses of the Tserna Gora, or Black, Mountain, or S" Monte Negro. S The Montenegrins as a people are the incarnation of heroism and freedom. " After their kingdom was destroyed at .0 ° - Kossova, a handful of Serbians, who would neither emigrate nor submit, 'a 5' . took refuge in these mountains, Shut off from outside help, entirely sur St rounded by Ottoman Turks, many times , attacked by apparently resistless armies " which they always defeated, scorning even nominal allegiance to the Turk or any other power, from 1389 to 1916 o they maintained their savage independ S'. ence. Resistance to the Turk was the domi nant motive of their social and political ' life. Their ruler was a vladika or bishop because, as sacrosanct, he would Snc be invulnerable to Moslem attacks or r bribes. Succession, which had been 5 from uncle to nephew, became heredi ' tary in 1851. The Sultan formally recognized their 'S, ; independence in 1799. So did all Eu Srope seventy-nine years later. S This tiny State, after standing for centuries as the only beacon light of * See also, in NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC °'av C MAGAZINE, "Where East Meets West" ° (Dalmatia, Montenegro, and Herzego CdZ S vina), by Marion Cruger Coffin (May, < 1908); "East of the Adriatic" (Dalma tia, Montenegro, Bosnia, and Herzego Sa vina), by Kenneth McKenzie (Decem Q.S ber, 1912).