National Geographic : 1919 Jan
A FAMOUS PAINTING WHICH CHRONICLES THE OCCASION WHEN AMBROISE PARE ABANDONED THE PRACTICE OFSEARING THE ENDS OE AMPUTATED LIMBS WITH BOILING OIL. HE SUBSTITUTEDLIGATURES Ambroise Pare, who lived almost from the beginning to the end of the sixteenth century, beganlife as abarber's apprentice. He became the most famous military surgeon of his age, reviving the use of ligatures to prevent hemorrhage. Heprotested against the use ofdried mummy and bezoar stones as cure-alls, and to him is attributed the invention of artificial limbs and eyes.