National Geographic : 1919 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE don druggist under the name of "hiera picra." The greatest names in medicine in vented hieras. Scribonius Largus, physi cian to the Emperor Tiberius, had a "hiera" so wonderful that when he died diligent search was made and a reward offered for the discovery of the formula. Back in the obscurity of mythology it took its origin, being used in the rites of IEsculapius, the god of medicine, by the Greek priests. Greek doctors, Roman doctors, Ara bian doctors, monkish doctors of the middle ages, and even modern doctors, had "improvements" on this eternal medicine, and all of these secret improve ments were imitated by the quack doc tors in every country and every period in the history of the world. Think of it-the dried juice of a common oriental plant marching down the musty centuries and enduring, while "Kings and realms Passed into darkness and were lost!" Ptah Hotep, of Memphis, who lived and wrote his proverbs 6,000 years ago, and over 2,500 years before King Solo mon, probably knew of and used aloes in some form. Beside antiquity like this the house of Hapsburg is infantile and the Hohenzollerns simply pre-embryonic. THE ANCIENT LINEAGE OF COLD-CREAM Most people at some time or another use cold-cream. It seems quite a modern luxury, indispensable alike to peer and peri, and adapted to many and varied uses. In fact, one traveler tells recently of having some of his cold-cream eaten by a fat-hungry valet in Germany. So we are inclined to regard it as a fairly modern product. And yet "Unguentum Refrigerans," cold-cream, has come down to us from Roman days. The first formula is attributed to Galen, who lived and wrote in the second century. What we use today is practically the same, though "Doctor" Galen's original for mula was imitated and "improved" hun dreds of times. In the mellow days of the Renaissance, to be a monarch was even more exciting than it is now. New poisons were bought as eagerly by "liberal" citizens of that Jtnotograpn trom U. 1,. AaD A FAMOUS CURE-ALL OF THE DARK AGES The medieval medicine man, upon securing such an Egyptian "antique," would (to trans late his announcement into the modern ver nacular) have advertised to his patients the re ceipt of another large consignment of dried mummy, imported in its original mummy case, direct from the tombs of the ancients on the banks of the Nile-a sure panacea for all the ills that flesh is heir to.