National Geographic : 1919 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE REPRESENTATIVES OF A NEWLY FREED PEOPLE: MESOPOTAMIA The veiled girl at the left is a betrothed Jewess. She is accomoanied by her mother and the two younger daughters of the family. The executive council will have the duty of enforcing the judgments of the League where they are defied, and of considering what action should be taken in respect to recommendations of com promise by the Council of Conciliation in which one of the parties does not ac quiesce. The executive council should be composed, therefore, of those nations who are willing to assume the responsi bility of furnishing armies to the League when necessity arises. These, in the na ture of things, will be the Great Powers, or the charter members of the League. Under such an arrangement a League could be made to work. The fact that the smaller nations are not represented in the executive council would not work to their disadvantage, because they could be confident that the greater nations would not unite against them. The inevitable diversity of interests between the greater nations would be their security. OBJECTIONS TO A LEAGUE OF NATIONS What are the objections to a League of Nations developed in this way and thus constituted? The first and chief objection is that the United States ought not to bind itself to make war upon the. decree of an executive council in which it has but one vote out of four or five. What authority and duty does the ex ecutive council have in the League? It will be its duty to see that judgments are executed. Why should we object if called upon to declare war and make our contribution to the police force to maintain peace by enforcing a judgment of an impartial court? Such a judgment is not the re sult of the vote of other powers than our own. It is merely a decision on -rinci ples of international law as between :xo contending nations. We have heard a great deal during this campaign of international justice.