National Geographic : 1919 Jan
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C. O. H. TITTMANN . . . PRESIDENT GILBERT GROSVENOR . DIRECTOR AND EDITOR JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE . ASSOCIATE EDITOR O. P. AUSTIN . 1916-1918 FRANKLIN K. LANE Secretary of the Interior WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT Formerly President of the United States C. M. CIHESTER Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Supt. U . S. Naval Observatory FREDERICK V. COVILLE Formerly President of Wash ington Academy of Sci ences JoHN E. PILLSBURY Rear Admiral U. S . Navy, Formerly Chief Bureau of Navigation RUDOLPH KAUFFMAN Managing Editor The Even ing Star T. L. MACDONALD M. D., F.A.C.S. S. N. D. NORTH Formerly Director U. S . Bu reau of Census JOHN E. PILLSBURY JOHN JOY EDSON GEORGE W. HUTCHISON, WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER SECRETARY RALPH A. GRAVES BOARD OF MANAGERS 1917-1919 ALEXANDER GRAHAM BEL.L CIrARL Inventor of the Telephone Pre a J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, The George Washington Cht University C A. W. GREELY DAVID Arctic Explorer, Major Gen'l U. S. Army F E GILBERT H. GROSVENOR o Editor of National Geo- C. HAI graphic Magazine IMe o GEORGE OTIS SITH O. P. Director of U. S. Geological Survey Sta O. H. TITTMANN GEORGE Formerly Superintendent of Cot U. S. Coast and Geodetic o Survey GEORGE HENRY WHIITE Foi Formerly U. S. Ambassador g to France, Italy, etc. n JOHN M. WILSON Brigadier General U. Army, Formerly Chie Engineers GRANT S. Mil !f of si Y VICE-PRESIDENT . TREASURER ASSISTANT SECRETARY ASSISTANT EDITOR ASSISTANT EDITOR 1918-1920 ES J. BELL. sident American Security nd Trust Company JoY EDSON airman of the Board, Vashington Loan & Trust Company FAIRCHILD Charge of Agricultural Explorations, Department f Agriculture IT MERRIAM mber National Academy f Sciences kUSTIN tistician SR. PUTNAM mmissioner U. S. Bureau f Lighthouses SIIIRAS, 3D rmerly Member U. S. Con ress, Faunal Naturalist, nd Wild-Game Photogra her SQUIRES itary Intelligence Divi ion, General Staff, New ork To carry out the purpose for which it was founded twenty-eight years ago, namely, "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society, or other friends, are desired. For material that the Society can use, adequate remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage, and be addressed: GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM O. H. TITTMANN ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAPMAN WALTER T. SWINGLE ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL DAVID FAIRCHILD HUGH M. SMITH N. H. DARTON FRANK M. CHAPMAN Copyright, r919, by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. All rights reserved. Entered at the Post-Office at Washington, D. C ., as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. I103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July i, 1918.