National Geographic : 1919 Feb
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS, WASHINGTON, D. C. O. H. TITTMANN GILBERT GROSVENOR JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE O. P. AUSTIN 1917-1919 ALEXANDER GRAHAM BEI Inventor of the Telepho J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathem The George Washin University A. W. GREEI.Y Arctic Explorer, Major U. S. Army GILBERT GROSVENOR Editor of National graphic Magazine GEORGE OTIS SMITH Director of U. S. Geolo Survey O. H. TITTMANN Formerly Superintender U. S. Coast and Geo Survey HENRY WHITE Formerly U. S. Ambass to France, Italy, etc. JOHN M. WrISON Brigadier General U. Army, Formerly Chic Engineers PRESIDENT JOHN E. PILLSBURY DIRECTOR AND EDITOR JOHN JOY EDSHUON GEORGE W. HUTCHISO . ASSOCIATE EDITOR WILLIAM J. SHOWALTI S SECRETARY RALPH A. GRAVES . BOARD OF MANAGERS 1918-1920 .L CHARLES J. BELL FRANK one President American Security Sec and Trust Company JOHN JOY EDSON WILL atics, Fo gton Chairman of the Board. I Washington Loan & Trust Company .M. DAVID FAIRCHILD Re Gen'l In Charge of Agricultural Explorations, Department of Agriculture FREDE Geo- C. HART MERRIAM Fo Member National Academy i of Sciences e O. P. ArsTIN J logical JOHN Statistician Re GEORGE R. PUTNAM tof Commissioner U. S. Bureau detic of Lighthouses UDO GEORGE SIIIRAS, 3D Ma Formerly Member U. S. Con- 1 gress, Faunal Naturalist. sador and Wild-Game Photogra- T. L. pher M. GRANT SQUIRES S.N S. Military Intelligence Divi ef of sion. General Staff, Ne Fo York N, ER VICE-PRESIDENT TREASURER ASSISTANT SECRETARY . ASSISTANT EDITOR ASSISTANT EDITOR 1919-1921 KLIN K. LANE :retary of the Interiur AM HOWARD TAFT rmerly President of the United States CHESTER ar Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Supt. U. S. Naval Observatory RICK V. COVILLE rmerly President of Wash ngton Academy of Sci ences E. PILLSBURY ar Admiral U. S. Navy, Formerly Chief Bureau of Navigation PH KAUFFMAN naging Editor The Even ng Star MACDONALD D., F.A.C.S. D. NORTH rmerly Director U. S. Bu reau of Census To carry out the purpose for which it was founded thirty-one years ago, namely. "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge," the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts from the publication are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge and the study of geography. Articles or photographs from members of the Society, or other friends, are desired. For material that the Society can use, adequate remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage, and be addressed: GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS A. W. GREELY C. HART MERRIAM O. H. TITTMANN ROBERT HOLLISTER CHAFMAN WALTER T. SWINGLE ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL DAVID FAIRCHILD HUGH M. SMITH N. H. DARTON FRANK M. CHAPMAN Copyright, 1919. by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C . All rights reserved. Entered at the Post-Office at Washington, D. C. . as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July i, 1918.