National Geographic : 1919 Apr
THIS PHOTOGRAPH IS INTENDED TO CONVEY A VIVID IMPRESSION OF THE UNEXCAVATED CONE IN ITS SEMI-PRISTINE BEAUTY It originally had a cap and was very much larger than it is now. After its cap of lava had fallen off, in consequence of the rotting of the stone under the weathering of millennia, the cone rapidly decreased in size. ancient and modern times are to be found in greatest number in the shadow of Asia Minor's loftiest peak, snow-clad Mt. Argaeus (called by the Turks Erjias Dagh), an extinct volcano whose erup tion in the dim past laid the foundations and supplied the material for these re markable habitations, while the Halys River of the ancients (now known as Kizil Irmak) in succeeding centuries be came their tireless architect (see text, page 318, and map, page 315). The practice of living in caves, in cliffs, or in excavated cavities in the open plain is to be traced to a state of society which we of today have some difficulty in de- picting to ourselves. And yet the central thought of the Troglodytic* habit is the basic principle upon which ancient civili zation was founded. That basic thought was absolute isola tion-a thought which is wholly an tagonistic to our modern conceptions of society, whether we have in mind the community of a country-side, a village, a town, or a State; because, where abso lute isolation is the dominant obsession * The term troglodyte is a Greek compound word, whose first element, trogle, means "hole," while its second element is derived from the verb duo, which means "to go, get, dive, or plunge into." Hence, a troglodyte is a man who goes into a hole-lives in a hole.