National Geographic : 1919 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph from R. S. Cresswell JEWISH SCRIBES AT SALONIKI WRITING SACRED BOOKS ON SCROLLS, AS IN TIIl': OLDEN DAYS This work is very beautifully executed on parchment in strong black ink. The Oral Law, so called, of the Jews was codified by rabbis, after the expulsion from Jerusalem, into the Palestinian Talmud. The written law was the law of Moses, contained in the Pentateuch and known as the "Torah." The remainder of the Old Testament was divided into the "Prophets" and the "Writings" (see page 3). unruly and undisposed to yield to their authority and campaigns were waged against them. Jerusalem was taken in the year 70 by Titus and the Temple de stroyed. In the year 135 it was taken again by Hadrian's generals and the city destroyed. THOUSANDS SENT IN BONDAGE TO SPAIN Hadrian rebuilt the city and substi tuted a temple to Jupiter in the place of the temple to Jehovah. The Jews were expelled from the city and forbidden to come within sight of its walls. Thi; brought about the great "diaspora," or second dispersion, which sent the people of Israel to the uttermost parts of the earth, some going voluntarily and others taken as prisoners. It is said that 8o,oo000 prisoners were sent to Spain, where they found the Jewish communities which had moved on from Rome.