National Geographic : 1919 Sep
SHANTUNG-CHINA'S HOLY LAND breach had been 600 feet, but was reduced to 300 feet by the formation of a sand-bar on the opposite side of the river. Hordes of workmen with baskets and barrows were set to work on the top of the dike bringing material to rein force the repaired section. THE EQUIPMENT OP A CARAVAN From Tsinan our journey was ten days by cart over typical rough Chinese roads in a general southwesterly direction. Our party con sisted of myself, a student interpreter and recorder, a cook, and three carts (with carters whose bad behavior we shall not soon forget), in which food, tents, cloth ing, and bedding packed in huge baskets were carried, but in which we did not often ride, for the carts had no springs. For this reason also our surveying instruments were carried on Photograph by C. K. Edmunds the shoulders of two men, a third being supplied for THE EXECUTION-CAGE IN WHICH A CONDEMNED CHINA relief. MAN IS STRANGLED TO DEATH This caravan advanced Not to be confused with the cangue, or neck-stock (see about 25 miles a day. After page 232), this instrument of torture takes the place of Western the first stage to Taian, we civilization's gallows, electric chair, and guillotine. The victim, were accompanied by a standing on a pile of bricks, is placed on exhibition with his r head through a wooden collar. Day by day a brick is re military guard of two so- moved until the culprit is starved and strangled to death. called soldiers, who were Frequently there is an added refinement of torture in causing expected to keep the un ruly carters in check, but who proved to be nearly as b For the most part we liv country as we went. Swee egg-plant, cabbage, turnips, a were easily secured. Good ri we know it in south China, but chickens and eggs, pork, p hard pears, a few peaches, an dates, supplemented with a goods, enabled us to live sum] As a rule, we stopped at t village inns, crude and unc but affording needed shelte the man's feet to dangle in quicklime. ad as they. whole party of eleven souls and three ed on the cart-mules. t potatoes, The roads through this section of nd carrots China are mostly ruts, which sometimes ce, such as attain a depth of 70 feet in the loess de was scarce, posits. For a good part of our way the ersimmons, road lay along the bank of a wide, shal d abundant low river cutting across the loess for few tinned mation. To judge from the height of ptuously. bridges and the markings on the land, the the regular tributaries to this stream, although dry comfortable, when we saw them, must be violent tor .r for the rents during the rainy season. 233 , .