National Geographic : 1920 Jan
Photograph from Mary Mills Patrick TURKISH PEASANTS GATHERING OPIUM IN THE POPPY FIELDS NEAR AFIUN-KARAHISSAR The opium poppy is probably indigenous to southern Europe, but it has been introduced into many countries. The Moslems fostered itsspread through India, and the Arabs carried it to China. The opium-gatherers in the illustration are scraping the capsule pods tocollect thejuice which oozes from the incisions made the previous afternoon. The flowers, which fade in a few hours, vary incolor from white toadeep violet. The medicinal qualities of the opium poppy have been known since the days of ancient Greece. Theophrastus, thefamous pupil ofPlato and ofAris totle, wrote of its value.