National Geographic : 1920 Jan
THE VILLAGE OF ASKAR, ANCIENT SYCHAR Just behind the village is Jacob's well. The mountain in the background is Gerizim, while the mosque on its summit marks the site of the Samaritan temple to which, no doubt, the Samaritan woman pointed when conversing with Jesus. During the period of the Judges little of importance is heard of Mount Ephraim, except that Abimelech, son of Gideon by a Shechemite concubine, was made "King" of Shechem, and ruled three years. With the advent of David came the Golden Age of the Hebrews. The capi tal was moved to Jerusalem, where, upon his succession, Solomon built the re nowned Temple and established thereby a center of worship. But this unified kingdom was short- lived, and with the death of Solomon, his son, Rehoboam, proceeded to Shechem, where all Israel was gathered to make him king. Instead of this being consummated, ten tribes revolted and made Jeroboam, an attache of Solomon's court, king. Jero boam selected Shechem as his home. Thus the northern ten tribes established the Kingdom of Israel, now forever rent from the Kingdom of Judah, which was composed of the two remaining tribes, Judah and Benjamin.