National Geographic : 1921 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE .4i" SPEEDING FOR MARKET: A BANKER IN WINTER RIG "The modern Bank fishing-schooners are undoubtedly the handsomest commercial sailing craft afloat. They are built of wood and range from ioo to 150 feet in length, with a tonnage of from 8o to 175 tons." distinct type from his colleagues in other countries, and adds to his vocation a hazard and labor which calls for certain sterling qualities to surmount. It is a peculiar fact that the North American fisherman, of all white fisher men, has stood out longest against mod ern innovations in fishing methods and equipment. In Europe, years ago sailing smacks and hook and line were dis carded for the steam-trawler and drifter. The trawler of steel construction, pro pelled by steam or motor, has only been used in the American fisheries of late years, and at present there are about sixty of these craft on this side compared to the thousands in Europe. But while backward in changing over to steel and steam, our fishermen have evolved a type of sailing schooner which is the last word in weatherly qualities and speed under sail, and the men who man these vessels are the only real sailors left in this age of steam. THREE KINDS OF BANK FISHERIES There are three distinct fisheries in which the schooner fleets of the Western North Atlantic are employed, namely, fresh fishing, salt fishing, and halibut fishing. Mackerel seining also employs a schooner fleet during the season, but this is not a IBank fishery in the accepted sense of the term.