National Geographic : 1922 Jan
THE GEOGRAPHY OF OUR FOREIGN TRADE WHERE THEY KEEP THE PIG IN THE PARLOR The United States handles three-fourths of all the world's pork exports, and all over the world the proportion of pigs to people is decreasing. Among European peasants, as among the Chinese and Malays, no other animal is more highly prized or so carefully nurtured. makes of its resources and the extent to which it buys and sells overseas. The picturesque nomad of Arabia or Turkestan, though he contributes occa sional wool and hides to the world's trade, is not really worth his space on the map, judged by modern economic stand ards. So, gradually, in Egypt, Mesopo tamia, and western Siberia, irrigation, rail ways, and the stubborn tide of immigrant farmers are forcing the nomad to aban don his roving life and go to work or go the way of Lo, our poor Indian. MIRACLES OF CHANGE WROUGHT IN THE NEAR EAST In the Levant the geographical conse quences of war have affected the trade of the world to a striking degree. Bound ary lines have twisted, caliphs have gone down and kings come up. Over all is the shadow of the famous Bagdad Railway and the odor of oil. Persia, fighting bankruptcy for 400 years, is suddenly galvanized into new life by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company's great works on the Karun. A whole world watches the mandate experiments in Mesopotamia and Syria, speculates on the problems of Palestine and its Jewish home, and follows with interest the struggles of Armenia and Georgia toward democracy. Old caravan trails, blazed long ago by Hittites, Medes, and Persians, are being abandoned as new governments, new borders, and new railways bring new channels of traffic and sweeping changes in the trade geography of this old Bible land. Obscure, squalid, and once little-known ports are busy with new life. England is spending millions at the Palestine port of Haifa. Basra, old haunt of Sinbad the Sailor, becomes again, after ages of neglect, the great port of the Persian Gulf.