National Geographic : 1922 Sep
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE BALES OF JUTE BAGS FROM INDIA FOR THE NITRATE FIELDS The northern ports of Iquique and Antofagasta are open roadsteads, ships anchoring well offshore. qui, with his victorious army, to subju gate the tribes of northern Chile. The Inca's trail from Peru led down the backbone of the snow-clad Andes and across the burning desert. In 1535 Diego de Almagro, a colleague of Pizarro, traveled the same road with a great army of Spaniards and Peruvians, horses and llamas, two Incan princes acting as guides. Old Spanish chronicles tell of the ter rible suffering from cold and thirst en dured by Almagro's men on the six months' march. The desert was strewn with their bones, Alluring were Co piap6's meadows to those who survived! Almagro failed to subdue the southern natives, and five years later a Spanish army was again encamped in Copiap6, led this time by Pedro de Valdivia, who kept on south to found Santiago. In the halcyon days of '49, when Cali fornia's gold lured men round the Horn, Valparaiso became the great mart of the Pacific coast, supplying flour and other commodities to the California miners. My pioneer grandfather used to tell me 226 ~ I(PP ""