National Geographic : 1922 Dec
THE1 NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photographs by Fred Boissonnas ON TIHE STORIED HEIGHTS OF PARNASSUS Once sacred to Apollo and the Muses, Parnassus shepherds and guides. place the solemn worship of the bene factress, the Goddess Demeter. Twice a year the memory of Heaven's inestimable gift was celebrated, the periods falling roughly in the months of February and September, thus synchronizing with the revival and decay of nature. A part of the celebration was a torch light procession which left Athens and passed over the Sacred Way. On arrival at the temple solemn initiatory ceremonies took place. The nature of these Mysteries has long puzzled scholars and archeologists and it is now thought that the details are lost beyond recall. However, one of the great initiates, Cicero, has left on record is now the haunt wherever one sense of relief that the Mysteries taught "not only to live happily, but to die with a fairer hope." Little is now stand ing of the ancient structure which greeted the morning sun in all its beauty until the devastating Goths under Alaric swept over Eleusis their besom of de struction. We approached the precincts through the Propylaea, of which nothing is standing to (lay save the bases of a few columns. The fragments about us are Sdoubtless those from Hadrian's Gateway. Once past these por tals, one gains an idea of the grandeur of the original structure. Be fore and above us is the emplacement of the great Temple of Mysteries, through the portico of which one entered the precincts of the temple proper, cut in some measure into the solid rock of the Acropolis. But Eleusis is a mel ancholy place; "Icha bod" seems written turns, and it was with a that we retraced our steps and sought once more the shore and looked out over the silent beauty of the waters toward Salamis. TIlE BATTLEFIELD OF TIHERMOPYLA Railways and Thermopylce! The two words clash; and yet if one wishes to visit this sacred field he has the choice of leaving Athens over the iron way or else spending days on bad roads, suffering the annoyances and discomforts of Greek country inns, which latter seem built with a view to affording perfect cover for the lesser fauna of the country, with which they swarm.