National Geographic : 1924 Sep
"TH EM ED ITE RRAN EAN ERA diedwith the discover ofAmerica; the Atlantic Era has reachedthe height ofits developement; thePaeafic Era,definedto be thegreatest,is just at its dawn." Swiftly, on the Pacific Ocean, is growing the greatest commerce the world has ever seen. Three-quarters of the earth's population are awakening to a recognition of new wants. They are demanding food, clothing, machinery. In exchange, they have billions in raw materials and manufactured articles to send us. Already, Japan alone makes annual shipments to the United States amounting to over 300 millions of dollars and imports from us goods to the value of 360 millions. Our trade with Japan has trebled in a decade. With China it has quadrupled. It has doubled with Australia and the Philippines. For the year ending June 30, 1923, the trade record of the United States with various countries on the Pacific showed: China . . Australia . . Alaska . Philippines . Dutch East Indies Exports toU.S. $169,619,408 54,727,517 52,984,275 74,757,909 48,575,781 Imports from U. S. $96,851,718 96,310,785 29,981,604 44,054,419 9,976,420 It has made beginnings with Siberia, richest in possibilities of all trans-Pacific lands. And of our Pacific Coast commerce with the Orient, today more than two-thirds flows through the ports of the Pacific Northwest! With the growth of this commerce the Pacific Northwest ports are growing-and will continue to grow with constantly increasing speed. For they themselves mark the path which the huge bulk of -- THEODORE ROOSEVELT our trade with Asia must for all time follow. Here are the definite advantages that assure this fact! The Pacific Northwest ports are nearer by several days' sailing to Japan, to China, to the Philippines, to Siberia, than the South Pacific ports. They are nearer by rail to the Atlantic Seaboard. They are endowed with harbor facilities unpar alleled anywhere else in the United States. They are the very door to Alaska, whose annual traffic with the United States comes to more than 80 million dollars. Back of them lie the great states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming-the Pacific Northwest, one-sixth the total area of the country, containing half its standing timber, half its potential water power, producing one-sixth its wheat and half the commercial apple crop of the world, yielding metals, coal and oil at the rate of a million dollars a day, manufacturing products worth five million a day, and sharing with Alaska the world's greatest fishing industry, worth a hundred million a year. The growth of the ports of Washington and Oregon is reflected in the development of the entire Pacific Northwest, where the population is increas ing more than twice as fast as that of the United States as a whole. "- the Pacific Era, destined to be the greatest, is just at its dawn." And the American Pacific North west, dominating the main highway of its tremen dous commerce, already feels its influence. To American industry now, the Pacific North west offers its greatest opportunity for expansion. STHE PACIFIC NORTHWE ST U9he Chicago Burlington & Quincy RR : fhe Great Northern Ry. cfhe Northern Pacific Ry.