National Geographic : 1924 Nov
Tonnage entered and cleared at Pacific Ocean Ports, 1922 California Washington & Oregcn 4,981,365 10,140,222 The tonnage passing through the ports of the Pacific Northwest is more than double that passing through California ports. The leading ports of agreater commerce On the highway of what is destined to be come the world's greatest commerce-that of the dawning Pacific Era-some of America's youngest cities are astonishing us by the swiftness of their growth. Seattle, forty years ago a frontier settle ment of 4,000 inhabitants, with one crude dock and no railroad, today has a popula tion of 350,000 and marine terminal facili ties worth many millions of dollars. Portland, in 1870 a town of 8,000, with out a railroad, and carrying on a small river trade on the Columbia and the Willamette, is now a city of 280,000, ex porting goods to the five continents of the world. Tacoma's population since 1880 has grown from 720 to over a hundred thou sand. Astoria, Bellingham, Coos Bay, Everett, Bremerton, Port Angeles, Gray's Harbor, and a dozen more, are stepping forward with equal speed into the ranks of the world's important maritime cities. For the cities of the Pacific Northwest are the natural leaders of our rapidly growing Pacific Coast commerce. Two-thirds of that commerce already passes through their ports. That the great bulk of it must always pass through them is assured by definite advantages of loca tion, of ideal harbor facilities, of a rich back country. Nearer by several days' sailing to the chief points of Asia and the Pacific Islands than the California ports, they mark the principal route for America's future trade with the awakening Orient, where trade with the United States has increased two to four times within ten years. Nearer by rail to the Atlantic Seaboard, they are in quicker touch with America's fullest present development. Through them flows the largest part of Alaska's 80 million dollar trade with the United States. The region which lies back of them, the great Pacific Northwest, comprising the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming, is undergoing a development, in industry, in agriculture, in commerce, as rapid as their own. In the Pacific Northwest, because of its growing commerce, and because of its tre mendous undeveloped natural wealth, lie new opportunities for every business enter prise in the United States. STHE PACIFIC NORTHWEST Jhe Chicago Burlington & Quincy RR: Jhe Great Northern Ry. e3he Northern Pacific Ry- Ionnae entered andcleared atacaficCoaports,z2II I'