National Geographic : 1925 Jul
PAG(S FROM THE FLORAL LIFE OF AMIERICA the Virginia creeper was, and in the deadlock that followed the advocates of the dogwood offered it as a compromise candidate. As it was the second choice of almost everybody, it finally was unanimously chosen. It flourishes from Maine to Florida, and from Ontario to Texas, ascending to the very summit of Virginia's highest mountains. Its blossoms are beauti fully white in the spring and its leaves bril liantly red in the autumn. The flowering sea son runs from April to June. COMMON SUNDROPS Oenothera fruticosa L. Evening-primrose Pamnily Plate XI, left I This species of the evening-primrose family, called by Britton and Brown Kncifia alliii, by the National Herbarium \nciflia frulicosa, has a wide distribution in the eastern United States, blooming from late May to late August. It is the ancestor, according to Standardized Plant Names, of the cultivated sundrops known as bush sundrops and Young's sundrops. It is a day-blooming species, although belonging to an evening- and night-blooming family, and a field of sundrops is a sight not to be forgotten. They may be kept fresh in vases for a full week. INDIAN PAINTBRUSH Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng. Figwort Family [Plate X I, middle I Flourishing in meadows and moist thickets from Maine, Ontario, and Manitoba to North Carolina and Texas, blooming from May to July, and wearing such neighborhood names as red Indians, wickawee, election-posies, bloody warrior, and nose-bleed, the Indian paintbrush justifies Thoreau's remark that it reminded him of a flame. "It is startling to see a leaf thus brilliantly painted, as if its tip were dipped into some scarlet tincture, surpassing most flow ers in intensity of color," he added. HOLMS GERARDIA Agalinis holmiana (Greene) Pennell Fig wort Family [Plate XI, right I This is one of a dozen or more species of purple foxgloves found in the United States. It frequents pine barrens, dry woods, and open fields from New Jersey and Florida westward to Texas, and has a blooming period that begins in August and runs to October. It is an annual and grows from one to two feet tall. HEARTLEAF UMBRELLA-WORT Allionia nyctaginea Michx. Four-o'clock Family [ Plate XII, left This umbrella-wort flourishes in dry soil from Manitoba southward to Louisiana and Texas, and as far west as Colorado. It has followed the black-eyed-susan eastward and has reached the environs of \ashington, D. C. Growing from one to three feet tall, it puts forth its flowers from May to August, in clusive. DUTCHMANS-BREECHES Dicentra cucullaria Bernh. Fumitory Fam ily [Plate XII, middle The Dutchmans-breeches gets its English name from its close resemblance to the conven tional balloon-legged trousers of the Hollander. Blossoming in April and May, over a range that reaches from Nova Scotia and Minnesota to North Carolina and Kansas, its feathery leaves and delicate, odd-shaped flowers are al ways attractive. The bumblebees and long tongued butterflies are its favorite guests, as short-tongued insects cannot sound the depths of its nectar cups. ROSEGENTIAN Sabatia angularis ( L.) Pursh Gentian Fam ily [Plate XII, right I This species of gentian occurs in rich soil and thickets over a range that extends from New York to Florida and from western On tario to Oklahoma and Louisiana. Its flower ing time is in July and August. Some of its vernacular names are bitter-bloom, rose-pink, bitter clover, pink-bloom, and American cen taury. DWARF GINSENG Panax trifolium L,. Ginseng Family [lPlate XIII, left The dwarf ginseng dwells in moist woods and thickets over a range that reaches from Nova Scotia and Ontario and from Georgia to Iowa. Its flowering season runs from April to June. It has a warm aromatic taste and boys roaming the woods like to chew its roots. WAX CURRANT Ribes cereum Douglas Gooseberry Fam ily [Plate XIII, right I This beautiful member of the gooseberry family is one of the many species of currants, and is a close relative of the white-flowered currant, for which it is sometimes mistaken. It is without prickles and its fruit is insipid. LAMBS-QUARTERS Chenopodium album L. Goosefoot Family [Plate XIV, left] This member of the goosefoot family is also known as pigweed, white goosefoot, wild spin ach, frost-blite, baconweed, muckweed, and fat hen. It is an extremely common weed through out North America except in northern Canada, and blooms from June to September. Its suc culence makes it a favorite of hogs living in pens.