National Geographic : 1926 May
Photograph from Melville Chater GATHERING NORTH CAROLINA'S THIRD RICHEST CROP While the turpentine products of her pine forests are on the decline, the State is still rich in timber resources. Its three belts are: the coastal plain (upland forests chiefly of pine), the piedmont plateau (pine forests mixed with hardwoods), and the mountains (hardwoods, but nopine). North Carolina has 24 varieties of oaks, eight of the nine known varieties of hickory, all of the maple, linden,and magnolia varieties known inthe Eastern States, and eight varieties of pine out of eleven. Fifty-seven of the State's trees are listed as "of great economic value." The State's lumber products are worth $168,ooo,ooo a year, or third in value after its textiles and manufactured tobacco. Economistshave sounded the warning that the annual cut is double the annual tree growth, and that $1,250,000 goes up yearly in the smoke of forest fires.