National Geographic : 1926 Nov
56G THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE .. :o ' thirds of the peasants have in * Comes between $Io and $I00 a year. Concessions are granted to W, exploit the natural resources o or to manufacture. Individ |c uals may build houses, and . 6,899 of those nationalized, °x each of less than six apart S ments, have been returned to . E their original owners in Mos cow. At the same time for . ,Imer landowners whose pres :;I " . o ence is obnoxious are still be S ing exiled. '.^ The foreign-trade monopoly ¢ oi;- has held firm and become more t .. S strict through all criticisms. - 1 g In the last six months I,062, . 730 persons paid $184,600,000 ( taxes on private revenues, a z ==.' good measure of the extent of S private business. Ti' G. P. U. IN ACTION o. The vigilant G. P. U. sees Sni that none escapes, and many a S< tearful story of political perse a, cution which goes across the c frontier is identified on closer ( ~L a inspection as merely the wail ".. of another impounded tax dodger. ow The G. P. U., a name S formed from the first letters Sof its long Russian title, is not Fl" a new institution, merely a . o- new name, in Russia. It is S=' the successor of the Okhrana oo under the Tsar, with its 40,000 to 50,000 informers and a S smaller number of paid agents °O permeating every class of so oI ciety. The Cheka of the Rev .0 olution was a transition be Stween the two. d The scope has been enlarged St E by uniformed ranks of police '1A and soldiers. Such a surveil i ; lance, with its absolute power, oT 1 is a system with which the ' A Russian has long been fa -" miliar. . .h i "Where's Ivan Ivanovitch? il .... I saw him last night," may be ...... ' a question at the afternoon tea.