National Geographic : 1927 Jan
JAMAICA, THE ISLE OF MANY RIVERS Photograph by Jacob Gayer CLEANING CACAO BEANS (SEE, ALSO, COLOR PLATE II) After the beans have been removed from the pods they are put to ferment for a few days and are then sunned and cleaned. Cacao beans are covered with a slimy substance aptly termed "muck," and this is removed in the manner shown in the picture. Children shuffle back and forth through the beans, the muck coming off on their feet. Rodney Memorial, erected to the memory of the stout sea warrior who laid the foundations of British naval prowess that later took command of the seas at Tra falgar; the Court House, and the old King's House, which was founded in 1534, awaken memories of the stirring era in which the old capital was more than the official seat of a colony-of the day when it was the center of British dominion in the New World. THE ISLAND PEOPLE AND THEIR GOVERNMENT One does not drive around the environs of Kingston very long without noticing that most of the inhabitants are negroes. Even then he is hardly prepared for the statement that of the 860,000 inhabi tants of the island only 15,000 are white people. Both statistically and socially the ne groes are subdivided into blacks and "colored," the former being of pure negro blood and the latter having an admixture of white blood. Of the nonwhites 160,000 are of mixed blood and 660,000 are of native African descent. The former hold the minor white-collar jobs in the island because most of them have a better education and appearance than their ebon brethren. Yet, for all the disproportion of non whites, the white population governs. The British have very cleverly solved the situa tion which once threatened to overturn things in the island. They let the blacks and colored people have a certain repre sentation in the Legislative Council, but rest the final control in the hands of the whites so thoroughly that British rule is never menaced.