National Geographic : 1927 Apr
THE RACES OF DOMESTIC FOWL the Christian Era, and Pliny, the naturalist, whose "Historia Natu ralis" was published A. D. 77, both mention domestic fowls possessing five toes. The Dorking seems to have been well established in the Dorking district in Surrey at least 200 years ago. Several varieties of Dorking were developed in England and some of them were brought to America, apparently in the early eighties. Only three varieties are recog nized in this country-the White, Colored, and Sil ver-Gray (see page 448). The Dorking is pri marily a table fowl and has a good quality of flesh. The standard weights of the Colored and Silver Gray varieties are: Cock, 9; hen, 8; cockerel, 7; and pullet, 6 pounds. The White variety is about a pound lighter. SUSSEX (For Illustration, see Color Plate X) The four-toed Sussex appears to have had the same origin as the five toed Dorking. Its superior fleshing qualities estab lished its popularity in England, and three varie ties were developed-the Red, Light, and Speckled. A few Sussex were brought to America about 1902, and of the two va rieties recognized, the Red and Speckled, only the Speckled is kept to any extent. The standard weight 7/2; cockerel, 7; and pullet, The Speckled Sussex ha ground color, each feather white, immediately beneath bar of black. The Red vai ORPINGT( The fighting fowls had exhibition fowl had passed popularity, and the Dorking adopted for the production o was a specialty, fitted prim purpose. It is not surprising that as the dietary demand there was a demand for a f well. The Orpington was c Photograph courtesy U. S. Department of Agriculture THE BIRD OF THE BROKEN HEART This French breed, developed principally in the Normandy and Picardy regions of France, derives its name, Creve-cceur from the fancied resemblance of its thick, V-shaped comb to a divided heart. It is descended from the Black Polish (see page 438). s are: Cock, 9; hen, idea in mind and is a dual-purpose breed, being 6 pounds. adapted for both egg and meat production. .s a reddish-brown The Black Orpington was the first of several being tipped with varieties to be originated, the date being 1886; which is a narrow so the breed is quite modern. riety is a deep red. Three different breeds were used in making the Orpington-Black Minorca, clean-legged ON Black Langshan, and Black Plymouth Rock, the last named more probably being black had their day, the colored specimens with Plymouth Rock blood. the zenith of its The Buff Orpington was next developed from Sand Sussex were the Buff Cochin, the Golden Spangled Hamburg, f meat. Each kind and the Dark Dorking (see page 449). larily for a single The White Orpington in all probability origi g to find, therefore, nated as a "sport" from the Black variety, and for eggs increased, the Spangled Orpington is said to have resulted owl that would lay from a cross between the Spangled Old English originated with this Game and the Dorking, although the Spangled, 441 I -s , I"" *.: "