National Geographic : 1927 Dec
Photographs by American Colony Photographers A SHEIK OF THE TOWARA BEDOUINS Note the snowy white turban in place of the flowing kaffiyeh and the chain attached to his pipe, which has on it a spear for cleaning the pipe bowl and a pair of tweezers, or small tongs, for lifting a live coal to his pipe. In Sinai to-day there are about 6,000 Arabs leading a precarious existence. Dr. Flinders Petrie, faced with the question of how 6oo,ooo men ever lived in Sinai, explains that the word which has been translated "thousand" in Exodus XII, 37, should be translated "families." CANNON IN THE MONASTERY OFST. CATHERINE For miles around Mount Sinai,both mountaineers and Bedouin tribes are largely dependent on monasticbounty, sothat these warlike relics have little meaning. Until recentlyvisitors to the monastery were hauled up by windlass, and even to-daythe gates are locked atsunset (see illustration on page 722). Other cannon atthe Monastery ofSt.Cath erine range from abandoned English mountain guns totoys incapable of warlike use.