National Geographic : 1928 Jun
730 Photograph Courtesy U. A PEBBLE FOR CYCLOPS On the eastern extremity of the rim of Metec largest of the limestone bowlders tossed out. H half a mile from the crater (see, also, text, page That Meteor Crater should have a place in the legends of the Hopi indicates a fairly recent origin. Geological study confirms this point of view. The pit can not possibly be younger than 700 years, because cedars cut on the rim show that number of annual rings; but the weather ing on the rock thrown from the crater shows that it is probably not older than 5,000 years. The religious significance of the mete orite to the Hopi finds interesting paral lels elsewhere. The sacred stone in the Kaaba, at Mecca, which all Moslems hope to kiss, is a meteorite. It was considered sacred long before Mohammed brought One of the oldest meteorites which has been preserved through the centuries is the "Bewitched Bur grave" of Ensisheim. One month after Co Slumbus discovered America a 300-pound meteorite fell near this Alsatian town. The superstition got about that the ball of iron was really a late tyran nical official of the neighborhood who had been turned into iron as punishment for his cruelty. The visitor to Ensisheim to-day will be shown the "Be witched Burgrave" hung from the rafters of the old town hall. S. Geological Survey An ugly meteorite fragment from Me teor Crater is as vital or Crater stands the uge rocks are found to the scientist's the 723). ory of the unity of the universe as the black iron in the Kaaba is to the religious concepts of Islam. The scientist's spectro scope tells him that the earth is made of the same stuff as the stars; his telescope reports that the earth's motions are in tune with the stars, sun and planets; but a meteorite is something that a scientist can take in his hand and examine. He can put in his test tube this piece of matter fallen on the Arizona desert. He can compare its minerals with minerals of the earth. Then he can say that the stuff of the stars is the stuff of the earth; and thus a meteorite helps to prove that every particle fits into a single plan which we are learning to understand. THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE new importance to the shrin e. Meteorites have also been found in the temples of the Aztecs in Mexico. One was discovered in a cliff-dwelling in Col orado. Several stones kept in Greek and Roman temples were probably meteorites.