National Geographic : 1929 Oct
384 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE 110 1 20 130 140 150 YAKUT K OF Sik " ola Ii SChita o osk V50 r^MkhtURRN BA KH ES -_ AI k LI A ....... kevo , ARI I - " 50 0 1 St 'sisha n Mts ,C chAnganki Hai:n o kkena r 40 ' M A N 4 R \. Tab - i ain : M0 G L A F ra hn i K hn A aJ A--Tunak . h o h - ehaiwei e' <oe SFA PShimonosekiA Ngntsin Dairen odo ProjctedRailroa n Kagoshi 0 00 20A 300 400 500 *' I/ ocho i (Seoul To 3 nghal STATUTEME I; I C1 1 A SEA ° ' ' Shimono seki :afi^-'s. Nagars '' _ Railroads...... ProjectedRailroads iV^^nL +^ Kagoshir 100 200 30 0 40 0 5 00 30_____ 1Ig 9 > anghai STATUTEMILES 30 120 130 140 Drawn by C. E. Riddiford MANCHURIA IS LARGER TIIAN FRANCE AND TIHE BRITISH ISLES COMBINED Two large mountain ranges, with fertile valleys between them, traverse the Land of the Manchus from north to south. The northern section of the "Three Eastern Provinces" (Heilungkiang, Kirin, and Mukden), as the Chinese call the country, is better wooded, but the southern is more fertile and contains twice as many people. Manchuria lies practically within the same degrees of latitude as parts of Spain, England, and Germany, but its winters are long and severe, its summers short and hot, with terrific winds, the "Yellow Dust" of the Chinese, sweeping in from the Mongolian plain in spring. Ussuri River to the Sea of Japan and cor- Chita, on the Siberian road, straight south prising an area as big as Mexico. Across east across Manchuria to rejoin the Trans this domain, in the 1890's, she was push- Siberian system near Pogranichnaya, on ing her great Trans-Siberian Railway to the way to Vladivostok. strike the sea at Vladivostok. But, as On the heels, then, of her friendly ges the map shows (see above), the original ture in 1895, when Russia aided China to Siberian road, to reach Vladivostok over regain the area lost to Japan at Shimono Russian territory, had to run a roundabout seki, the Bear asked the Dragon for the course along the Amur Valley and via right to build a railway across Manchuria; Khabarovsk. and, by agreement signed September 8, Six hundred miles would be saved if 1896, that concession was granted. From the Russians could build directly from it dates the rise of modern Manchuria.