National Geographic : 2001 Apr
GEOGRAPHICA ENGINEERING Together Again Swedes and Danes build a bridge Scandinavia is a little more connected these days. Last summer marked the opening of the Oresund Fixed Link, the first tie between Sweden and Denmark since an ice age sundered the countries about 7,000 years ago. A rail system shares the nearly ten-mile route with automobile traffic. As travelers exit Copenhagen via a tunnel, they spill onto a man-made island supporting a stretch of open road and track. Finally, a NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC * APRIL 2001 T,13,287 ft .I . oTo 4,050 m IArtificial I Malm v I island I Limhamn* 13,304 f I i llow s 4,055 m Bridge THE 25,738 ft THE 7,845m ,RESUND i FIXED LINK DENMARK - ---- lll -11 -l111. SWEDE Total length 9.9 miles (15.9 kilometers) aEn ONART ,BYMCTY A RESf sET 'P: bridge with four 668-foot-high pylons (left) spans the rest of the Oresund-a shallow sound between the Baltic and North Seas-until it reaches the Swedish coast near Malmo. The project took ten years and 2.1 billion dollars. Some 6,000 vehicles already use it daily for business-and, it turns out, pleasure. Built to encourage commerce, the link has become a tourist attraction itself.